How does acne develop?
The skin has the sebaceous glands that produce oil (sebum) which travels through the hair follicle to the skin. When these sebaceous glands get clogged in the pores of the skin, it causes acne. Acne originates in the following conditions:
Acne is caused by clogged sebaceous glands in the pores of the skin. The sebaceous glands produce oil (sebum), which normally travels via hair follicles to the skin surface. Acne arises in the following manner:
- Blackheads are formed in case of an Incomplete blockage of the hair follicle
- Whitehead formation in case of a complete blockage of the hair follicle
- Infection and irritation
- When the plugged follicle bursts and the bacteria onto the skin surface causes irritation and pimples or lesions develop
- When the inflamed pimples shove down into the skin, ultimately causing pus-filled cysts that rupture and result in larger pustules.
What causes acne?
It is a general notion that when hormone levels elevate during puberty, it may cause acne; and it’s true by the way. While acne is often heredity, there are other significant causes of acne too, that may include the following:
- Hormone level changes in girls
- Oil and grease from the scalp
- Cosmetics with oily ingredients may worsen acne
- Bacteria inside pores
- Popping the pimples can intensify acne
How is acne treated?
Acne Treatment depends on the child’s symptoms, age, and overall health and the severity of the condition. Your child’s pediatrician prescribes the treatment for acne that helps to improve the appearance of the skin. Treatment for acne will include gentle, regular skincare and/or some medications or procedures. Your child’s pediatrician may advise:
- Cleansers and creams, lotions, gels, or other products.
- Topical medicines that are prescribed to layer on the skin to treat acne. These include cream, gel, or lotion.
- Medicines that are taken orally.
- Therapies or procedures i.e., laser therapy, light therapy, or chemical peels