What are the causes of constipation?
A variety of ¬reasons are responsible to cause constipation in children. The major ones are explained below
- Diet: Usually the changes in diet may cause irregular bowel movements. Not taking enough fibre or fluid in diet, can also cause constipation.
- Illness: In case of any illness, a child may lose his ¬appetite, so the changes in his diet can shake off his system and cause him to be constipated.
- Withholding: Withholding stool for different reasons can be a cause of constipation. Children generally withhold to avoid pain from passing a hard stool. Your child may avoid passing a stool because he doesn’t want to go in the middle of a game. Some children are embarrassed or uncomfortable using a public toilet, this can get them constipated.
- Reaction of Some Medicine: Constipation may be a side effect of some ¬medicine.
- Certain Medical Conditions: Constipation may result from certain medical conditions also, such as hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland).
- Other changes: Any changes in routine, such as traveling, weather changes, or stressful situations, may affect your child’s overall health and how his bowels function.
If not treated early, your child’s constipation problem may get worse. The longer your child takes to have a bowel movement, the longer it stays inside the lower intestinal tract; so the larger, firmer, and drier it becomes. At that point, it turns out to be more difficult and painful to pass the stool.
What are the symptoms of constipation?
Symptoms of constipation in children may include:
- Not having regular bowel movements
- Hard stools that are painful to pass
- Abdominal pain, i.e., ¬cramping or nausea
- Rectal bleeding
- Loss of appetite
- Stress or depression
How is constipation treated?
There are various treatment methods to treat constipation. Get an appointment and make a visit to your child’s pediatrician as soon as you get to know about his irregular bowel movements. He can recommend the best treatment according to your child’s situation. Your child may need to have a medical test for evaluation to know the severity of the problem. For example, your child’s pediatrician may need to examine your child’s body from inside or he may ask for the x-rays that are used to create these images. After that your child’s doctor will recommend treatment. While in most cases, no tests are needed.