Types of Disabilities:
There are many types of disabilities, such as those that affect a person’s:
- Mental health
- Social relationships
Classifications of Disabilities
Categories of disability types include various physical and mental disabilities that can hamper or reduce a child’s ability to carry out his day to day activities. These impairments can be termed as a disability of the child to do his or her day to day activities. Disability can be broken down into several broad sub-categories, which include the 8 main types of disability that are mentioned below:
- Motor Disability
- Spinal Cord Disability
- Head Injuries (TBI) – Brain Disability
- Vision Disability
- Hearing Disability
- Cognitive or Learning Disabilities
- Psychological Disorders
- Invisible Disabilities
How to know if your child has a disability?
If you think your child might have a disability, the first thing to start with is to visit your child’s pediatrician or your family doctor. Your child needs a complete assessment and diagnosis with a disability before being able to obtain services. Your pediatrician or family doctor is the one who can evaluate your child and refer him/her to a specialist for further testing. Once the diagnosis is done, a parent can start to research services for their disabled child. One place to begin is with your pediatrician or your family doctor. The age of your child will determine where you should start.
How to help a disabled child?
If you have an infant or toddler who is diagnosed with a disability, you can start by finding services through your child’s pediatrician. One of the first places where treatment/services may begin with is through the Early Intervention program for your disabled child. This program will assess your child’s needs through evaluations by a team of professionals in areas such as speech, vision, fine and gross motor skills. You can ask your doctor for more information.
Some services like Occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech and language services, psychological evaluations, music therapy, and visual therapy are provided to the child to increase his productivity. Vocational and educational services are also available for individuals with disabilities at the government level.